Cylinder Blind End Area (in square inches)Diameter (inches)Formula: π x (Cylinder Radius)2 = square inchesArea (Square Inches)Example: What is the area of a 6" diameter cylinder?Cylinder Rod End Area (in square inches)Cylinder Blind End Area (sq in)Formula: Blind End Area - Rod Area = square inchesRod Diameter (inches)Example: What is the rod end area of a 6" diameter cylinder which has a 3" diameter rod?Area (Square InchesCylinder Output Force (in pounds)Pressure (PSI)Formula: Pressure (in PSI) x Cylinder Rod End Area = Force in poundsCyl. Blind End Area (sq in)Example: What is the pull force of a 6" diameter cylinder with a 3" diameter rod operating at 2,500 PSI?Rod Diameter (inches)Push Force (Pounds)Fluid Pressure in PSI Required to Lift Load (in PSI)Pounds of Force NeededFormula: Pounds of Force Needed ÷ Cylinder Area = PSICyl. Blind End Area (sq in)Example: What pressure is needed to develop 50,000 pounds of push force from a 6" diameter cylinder?Pressure Needed (PSI)Pounds of Force NeededFormula: Pounds of Force Needed ÷ Cylinder Area = PSICyl. Rod End Area (sq in)Example: What pressure is needed to develop 50,000 pounds of pull force from a 6" diameter cylinder which has a 3" diameter rod?Pressure Needed (PSI)Cylinder Speed (in inches per second)Gallons per Minute (GPM)Formula: (231 x GPM) ÷ (60 x Net Cylinder Area) = inches/secondNet Cylinder Area (sq in)Example: How fast will a 6" diameter cylinder with a 3" diameter rod extend with 15 gpm input?Speed (Inches / Second)Gallons per Minute (GPM)Formula: (231 x GPM) ÷ (60 x Net Cylinder Area) = inches/secondNet Cylinder Area (sq in)Example: How fast will it retract?Speed (Inches / Second)GPM of Flow Needed for Cylinder SpeedCylinder Area (sq in)Formula: Cylinder Area x Stroke Length in Inches ÷ 231 x 60 ÷ Time in seconds for one stroke = GPMStroke Length (inches)Example: How many GPM are needed to extend a 6" diameter cylinder 8 inches in 10 seconds?Stroke Time (seconds)Flow Needed (GPM)Cylinder Area (sq in)Formula: Cylinder Area x Stroke Length in Inches ÷ 231 x 60 ÷ Time in seconds for one stroke = GPMStroke Length (inches)Example: If the cylinder has a 3" diameter rod, how many gpm is needed to retract 8 inches in 10 seconds?Stroke Time (seconds)Flow Needed (GPM)Cylinder Blind End Output (GPM)Blind End Area (sq in)Formula: Blind End Area ÷ Rod End Area x GPM In = GPM OutRod End Area (sq in)Example: How many GPM come out the blind end of a 6" diameter cylinder with a 3" diameter rod when there is 15 gallons per minute put in the rod end?GPM InputGPM Output (GPM) *Pneumatic and Hydraulic Company, LLC assumes no liability for errors in data nor in safe and/or satisfactory operation of equipment designed from this information.